Normal Anatomy of the Knee Joint
The knee is made up of four bones. The femur or thighbone is the bone connecting the hip to the knee. The tibia or shinbone connects the knee to the ankle. The patella (kneecap) is the small bone in front of the knee and rides on the knee joint as the knee bends. The fibula is a shorter and thinner bone running parallel to the tibia on its outside. The joint acts like a hinge but with some rotation.
How does the Knee joint work?
Find out more in this web based movie.
A fracture is a condition in which there is break in the continuity of the bone. In younger individuals these fractures are caused from high energy injuries, as from a motor vehicle accident.
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Meniscus tear is the commonest knee injury in athletes, especially those involved in contact sports. A suddenly bend or twist in your knee cause the meniscus to tear.
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The knee can be divided into three compartments: patellofemoral, medial and lateral compartment. The patellofemoral compartment is the compartment in the front of the knee between the knee cap and thigh bone.
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Arthroscopy of the Knee Joint
Knee Arthroscopy is a common surgical procedure performed using an arthroscope, a viewing instrument, to look into the knee joint to diagnose or treat a knee problem. It is a relatively safe procedure and a majority of the patient’s discharge from the hospital on the same day of surgery.
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Total Knee Reconstruction (TKR)
Total knee reconstruction, also called total knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which the worn out or damaged surfaces of the knee joint are removed and reconstructed with artificial parts.
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Uni condylar Knee Reconstruction
Unicompartmental knee reconstruction is a minimally invasive surgery in which only the damaged compartment of the knee is reconstructed with an implant. It is also called a partial knee reconstruction.
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Revision Knee Reconstruction
Revision knee reconstruction surgery involves reconstructing part or all of your previous knee prosthesis with a new prosthesis. Although total knee reconstruction surgery is successful, sometimes the procedure can fail due to various reasons and require a second revision surgery.
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Computer Navigation for Total Knee Reconstruction
A total knee reconstruction surgery is the last resort to relieve pain and restore function in knee damaged by arthritis or an injury when non-surgical treatments do not relieve the condition.
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Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation
Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is a procedure to treat the articular cartilage defects of the knee. This procedure is effective for treating small areas of cartilage damage that causes pain and swelling and restricts the range of motion.
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